PORT PHILLIP BAY


Red Seaweed 

Botryocladia sonderi

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Main information sources:
Womersley, H.B.S., (1984-2003). The Marine Benthic Flora of Southern Australia. Part 1-3d. Govt. Printer, South Australia.
Baldock, R.N. 2010. Algae Revealed. South Australian State Herbarium. Website.
AlgaeBase. Website.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Rhodophyta
Subphylum:
Eurhodophytina
Class:
Florideophyceae
Subclass:
Rhodymeniophycidae
Order:
Rhodymeniales
Family:
Rhodymeniaceae
Genus:
Botryocladia
Species:
sonderi

General Description

Resembles tiny delicate bunches of red grapes. Rigid central stem with irregular branching. Oval to club-like hollow beads (vesiculate laterals) are closely bunched together and attached by short stem (stipe) to branch. Disc shaped holdfast. Dark red-brown. Up to 30 cm long (thallus).

Biology

This alga often grows with, or is overgrown by, encrusting coralline and other algae. It is a common genus in tropical/sub-tropical areas.

Habitat

Subtidal reefs with strong current flow, in calm to rough waters, to depth of 24 m.

Reefs

Distribution guide

Madagascar and Australia.

Species Group

Seaweeds and seagrasses Red algae

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

30 cm

Diet

Photosynthetic - sunlight

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Pocklington, Jacqui

Jacqui Pocklington is a Research Associate with expertise in algal taxonomy.

citation

Cite this page as:
Pocklington, Jacqui, 2011, Red Seaweed, Botryocladia sonderi, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 25 Jul 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/11141

Text: creative commons cc by licence