PORT PHILLIP BAY


Thorny Sea Urchin 

Goniocidaris tubaria (Lamarck, 1816)

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Echinodermata
Class:
Echinoidea
Order:
Cidaroida
Family:
Cidaridae
Genus:
Goniocidaris
Species:
tubaria

General Description

Some individuals with thorns that may be very long and with spines terminating in thorny "crowns". Others show little more than an irregular surface with a few small stubs. The spines are usually densely covered with algae and marine growths. Test diameter up to 4 cm.

Biology

Depending on locality, the "thorniness" of the spines of this sea urchin may vary greatly. It is a difficult species to identify in the field because it is often covered with algae and other marine growth.

Habitat

Subtidal areas, on coarse rubble and shellgrit-covered sea floor, to depths greater than 300 m.

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Sea urchins

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

4 cm

Diet

Omnivore

Harmful

Spines can puncture skin. Venom status unknown.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

MoV 3841

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Miskelly, A.

Ashley Miskelly is a Consultant with expertise in echinoid taxonomy

citation

Cite this page as:
Miskelly, A., 2011, Thorny Sea Urchin, Goniocidaris tubaria, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 25 Nov 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/4180

Text: creative commons cc by licence