PORT PHILLIP BAY


Sea Cucumber 

Paracaudina bacillis O'Loughlin & Barmos, 2011

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Body wall ossicles small irregular rods only (species name bacillis). Large, up to 180 mm long, 55 mm diameter, tapered at both ends, thin parchment-like to soft leathery body wall, smooth, lacking tube feet, 15 small tentacles each with 2 pairs of small digits, off-white to pale yellow to brown colour.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Echinodermata
Class:
Holothuroidea
Order:
Molpadida
Family:
Caudinidae
Genus:
Paracaudina
Species:
bacillis

General Description

Body tapered at both ends, thin parchment-like to soft leathery body wall, smooth. Lacking tube feet, 15 small tentacles each with 2 pairs of small digits. Off-white to pale yellow to brown colour. Up to 18 cm long.

Biology

This newly described species was initially identified as Paracaudina australis, a species originally described from tropical waters in Queensland. P. bacillis is sometimes found washed up on beaches, especially after storms.

Habitat

In sand or other sediment, sometimes washed-up on beaches, to depth of at least 2 m.

Soft substrates

Coastal shores

Distribution guide

Southern Australia, including western and central Victoria.

Species Group

Sea cucumbers

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

20 cm

Diet

Organic matter

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author O'Loughlin, P. M.

Mark O'Loughlin is an Honorary Associate in marine invertebrates at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
O'Loughlin, P. M., 2011, Sea Cucumber, Paracaudina bacillis, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 23 Nov 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/4850

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