PORT PHILLIP BAY


Sea Cucumber 

Thyone nigra Joshua & Creed, 1915

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Table ossicles with two-pillared spires in the body wall, and a long tubular calcareous ring made up of a mosaic of small pieces. Cucumber-shaped body, completely covered with tube feet. 30 mm long, and "black" with white tube feet.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Echinodermata
Class:
Holothuroidea
Order:
Dendrochirotida
Family:
Phyllophoridae
Genus:
Thyone
Species:
nigra

General Description

Body cucumber shape, completely covered with tube feet, black with white tube feet. Up to 3 cm long.

Biology

Like other species in this group, they usually bury vertically in sand or sediment and their tentacles may be seen extended above the sediment.

Habitat

Buried in sand or sediment, to depth of 20 m, to depth of at least 2 m.

Reefs

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Southern Australia, including western and central Victoria.

Species Group

Sea cucumbers

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

3 cm

Diet

Organic matter

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Vulnerable
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author O'Loughlin, P. M.

Mark O'Loughlin is an Honorary Associate in marine invertebrates at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
O'Loughlin, P. M., 2011, Sea Cucumber, Thyone nigra, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 29 Mar 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/4855

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