PORT PHILLIP BAY


Nudibranch 

Madrella sanguinea (Angas, 1864)

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Nudibranchia group detail.
Mantle (dorsal surface) with pair of rhinophores anteriorly. Gills as a cluster posteriorly, or laterally, or laterally below mantle overhang.

Source: Burn, R. (2006) A checklist and bibliography of the Opisthobranchia (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Victoria and the Bass Strait area, south-eastern Australia. Museum Victoria Science Reports 10: 1-42.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Mollusca
Subphylum:
Conchifera
Superclass:
Visceroconcha
Class:
Gastropoda
Subclass:
Orthogastropoda
Superorder:
Heterobranchia
Order:
Opisthobranchia
Suborder:
Nudibranchia
Infraorder:
Arminina
Family:
Madrellidae
Genus:
Madrella
Species:
sanguinea

General Description

Body shape slug-like with gill structures visible as multiple projections along the sides body. Pattern includes shades or colours of red. Animal up to 3 cm long.

Biology

These animals have processes that contain a viscous pigment created from their encrusting bryozoan food. It is stored and discharged for defensive purposes. Deeper-water specimens tend to be paler in colour.

Habitat

On mixed growth, probably associated with encrusting bryozoans, to depth of 23 m.

Coastal shores

Reefs

Distribution guide

Tropical and warm-temperate Indo-West Pacific. In southern and eastern Australia.

Species Group

Nudibranchs and allies Nudibranchs

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

3 cm

Diet

Carnivore

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Burn, R.

Robert Burn is an Honorary Associate at Museum Victoria with expertise in Molluscs.

Author

article author Wilson, R.

Robin Wilson is a Senior Curator of marine invertebrates at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Burn, R. & Wilson, R., 2011, Nudibranch, Madrella sanguinea, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 18 Dec 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/4966

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