PORT PHILLIP BAY


Comma Shrimp 

Anchistylis longipes Hale, 1945

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Hale, H.M. (1945) Australian Cumacea No. 11 The family Diastylidae (Part 1). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 69, 173-211.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Arthropoda
Subphylum:
Crustacea
Class:
Malacostraca
Subclass:
Eumalacostraca
Superorder:
Peracarida
Order:
Cumacea
Family:
Diastylidae
Genus:
Anchistylis
Species:
longipes

General Description

Pleopods each with only one ramus, furnished with modified, non-plumose setae. Telson present. Female with small exopods on 3rd maxilliped and 3rd-4th pereopods. Adult male with basis of 1st-4th pereopods greatly expanded and with flagellum of second antenna reaching at least to end of pleon.

Biology

Cumaceans burrow into the surface of sandy and muddy sediments but can also be found in the sediment trapped among macroalgae. At night especially cumaceans can be active swimmers in the open water and this is probably where mating occurs. Food is obtained by filtering water just above the sediment and grazing on the surface of sand grains. Cumaceans can be dug out of sandy sediment but the most effective way of catching them is by attracting them to lights at night.

Habitat

Soft bottom, from sand, to depths of 12 m.

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Southern temperate oceans, including western and southern Australia.

Species Group

Microcrustaceans Cumaceans

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

3.5 mm

Diet

Organic matter

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

MoV 984

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Taylor, J.

Dr. Jo Taylor is the Sciences Collections Online Coordinator at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Poore, G.C.B.

Dr. Gary Poore is Principal Curator Emeritus at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Taylor, J. & Poore, G.C.B., 2011, Comma Shrimp, Anchistylis longipes, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 19 Oct 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5283

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