PORT PHILLIP BAY


Skeleton Louse 

Neastacilla kanowna King, 2003

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Head dorsally smooth without elevation, without horizontal unsutured groove. Fusion of head and pereonite 1 not defined with a suture. Pereonite 4 elongate (greater than 8 times as long as pereonite 3), without dorsal elevations. Pleotelson without defined lateral wings, with a truncated apex. Uropodal exopod with 5 setae.

Source: King (2003), Neastacilla Tattersall, 1921 redefined, with eight new species from Australia (Crustacea: Isopoda: Arcturidae). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 60(2): 371-416.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Arthropoda
Subphylum:
Crustacea
Class:
Malacostraca
Subclass:
Eumalacostraca
Superorder:
Peracarida
Order:
Isopoda
Suborder:
Valvifera
Family:
Arcturidae
Genus:
Neastacilla
Species:
kanowna

General Description

Body cylindrical, with prominent antennae. The first four pairs of legs are thin and with rows of hairs; the last three pairs are more stubby and attach the animal. The body bends between the elongate fourth body segment and the fifth, up to 15 mm long.

Biology

Neastacilla kanowna although first collected from Victorian waters in the 1980's, was not formally described until 2003. The species name, "kanowna" is an Australian Aboriginal name for the sea. This species of skeleton louse is one of the largest at around 15 mm in length.

Habitat

Subtidal attached to algae or bryozoans to depths of 29 m.

Reefs

Distribution guide

Southern temperate oceans, including south-eastern Australia.

Species Group

Microcrustaceans Isopods

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

15 mm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Taylor, J.

Dr. Jo Taylor is the Sciences Collections Online Coordinator at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Poore, G.C.B.

Dr. Gary Poore is Principal Curator Emeritus at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Taylor, J. & Poore, G.C.B., 2011, Skeleton Louse, Neastacilla kanowna, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 18 Nov 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5305

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