PORT PHILLIP BAY


Little Shrimp 

Hippolyte caradina Holthuis, 1947

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Rostrum very slender, with 2-3 dorsal teeth, with 1-2 ventral teeth. Supraorbital spine present. Pereopod 2 carpus with 3 articles. Mandible without palp, with incisor process. Maxilliped 3 with exopod. Pereopods without arthrobranchs. Abdominal somite 6 without articulating posterolateral corner.

Source: Poore, G.C.B. (2004) Marine decapod Crustacea of southern Australia. A guide to identification (with chapter on Stomatopoda by Shane Ahyong). CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 574 pp.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Arthropoda
Subphylum:
Crustacea
Class:
Malacostraca
Subclass:
Eumalacostraca
Superorder:
Eucarida
Order:
Decapoda
Suborder:
Pleocyemata
Infraorder:
Caridea
Family:
Hippolytidae
Genus:
Hippolyte
Species:
caradina

General Description

Rostrum very slender, with 2-3 dorsal teeth, with 1-2 ventral teeth. Carapace with small spine above orbit of eye. Fifth segment of second leg with 3 articles. Legs without gills (arthrobranchs). Abdominal somite 6 without articulating posterolateral corner. Up to 1.5 cm long.

Biology

The little shrimp lives among algae and seagrass from the subtidal down to 80 m depth throughout southern Australia. Although the species is commonly dredged in sheltered shelf water little is known of its biology. Like all carideans the female carries the eggs under the abdomen which is more swollen than in males.

Habitat

Among leaves of seagrass beds to 82 m depth.

Soft substrates

Seagrass meadows

Reefs

Coastal shores

Distribution guide

New Caledonia, southern temperate oceans including southern Australia.

Species Group

Prawns, shrimps, lobsters Shrimps

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

15 mm

Diet

Organic matter

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

MoV 1003

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Taylor, J.

Dr. Jo Taylor is the Sciences Collections Online Coordinator at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Poore, G.C.B.

Dr. Gary Poore is Principal Curator Emeritus at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Taylor, J. & Poore, G.C.B., 2011, Little Shrimp, Hippolyte caradina, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 21 Oct 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5515

Text: creative commons cc by licence