PORT PHILLIP BAY


Long-flippered Pilot Whale 

Globicephala melas

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Class:
Mammalia
Order:
Cetacea
Family:
Delphinidae
Genus:
Globicephala
Species:
melas

General Description

Dark brownish-grey to black. A light grey patch behind the dorsal fin and a light grey stripe above the eye extending towards the dorsal region. Rounded head. Very long and slender flippers. Up to 6.7 m long.

Biology

Long-finned Pilot Whales are very social and live in pods of 20 to 100 individuals. Breeding occurs throughout the year and females give birth to a single offspring every four years. Recent study suggests that at least two different species of Long-finned Pilot Whales exist, one in the Northern Hemisphere and one in the Southern Hemisphere.

Habitat

Temperate and subpolar zones, to depths greater than 300 m.

Open water

Distribution guide

Temperate to Antarctic waters. Southern Australia. Potentially near Port Phillip, recorded from Victoria.

Species Group

Mammals Whales and dolphins

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

Surface Midwater

Max Size

6.7 m

Diet

Carnivore

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Conservation Status

  • CITES : Trade restrictions (Appendix II)
  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Data Deficient

Author

article author Fitzgerald, E.

Dr. Erich Fitzgerald is a Senior Curator of palaeontology at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Jefferies, R.

Dr. Ryan Jefferies is a volunteer online editor at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Fitzgerald, E. & Jefferies, R., 2011, Long-flippered Pilot Whale, Globicephala melas, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 22 Aug 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5714

Text: creative commons cc by licence