PORT PHILLIP BAY


Ascidian 

Botrylloides leachii (Savigny, 1816)

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Sources:
Gowlett-Holmes, K. (2008) A field guide to the marine invertebrates of South Australia. Notomares, Australia.
Edgar, G. J. (2008) Australian marine life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. New Holland Publishers, Australia.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Tunicata
Class:
Ascidiacea
Order:
Stolidobranchia
Family:
Styelidae
Genus:
Botrylloides
Species:
leachii

General Description

Colony of zooids that form patterns of two parallel rows. They are embedded in a matrix that creates soft, encrusting formations. Colour varies, including orange, yellow, white, blue-grey and purple. Colony up to about 60 cm across.

Biology

These ascidians are usually seasonal, being less common in warmer months. They may have spread throughout the world as a fouling species on hulls of ships.

Habitat

Temperate and tropical seas, on reefs, jetty piles and seagrass areas, to depth of 20 m.

Reefs

Seagrass meadows

Sponge gardens

Distribution guide

Worldwide.

Species Group

Ascidians

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

60 cm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Patullo, B.

Blair Patullo is Online Producer for marine projects at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Patullo, B., 2011, Ascidian, Botrylloides leachii, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 18 Aug 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/6532

Text: creative commons cc by licence