PORT PHILLIP BAY


Sea Tulip 

Pyura spp.

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Sources:
Gowlett-Holmes, K. (2008) A field guide to the marine invertebrates of South Australia. Notomares, Australia.
Edgar, G. J. (2008) Australian marine life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. New Holland Publishers, Australia.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Tunicata
Class:
Ascidiacea
Order:
Stolidobranchia
Family:
Pyuridae
Genus:
Pyura

General Description

There are a number of stalked Pyura species in Victorian waters, including P. australis, P. gibbosa and P. spinifera. They all have a rounded head on a long flexible stalk. They are distinguished most reliably by their internal structures. Colour is usually red or yellow. Body 5-10 cm long, stalk up to 30 cm long.

Biology

Some species are often covered by encrusting sponges (P. spinifera), other species are rarely overgrown.

Habitat

Attached to reefs, to depth of about 50 m

Reefs

Seagrass meadows

Sponge gardens

Soft substrates

Coastal shores

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Ascidians

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

30 cm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

spp.

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Patullo, B.

Blair Patullo is Online Producer for marine projects at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Patullo, B., 2011, Sea Tulip, Pyura , in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 23 Aug 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/6551

Text: creative commons cc by licence