PORT PHILLIP BAY


Ascidian 

Stolonica australis Michaelsen, 1927

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Sources:
Gowlett-Holmes, K. (2008) A field guide to the marine invertebrates of South Australia. Notomares, Australia.
Edgar, G. J. (2008) Australian marine life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. New Holland Publishers, Australia.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Tunicata
Class:
Ascidiacea
Order:
Stolidobranchia
Family:
Styelidae
Genus:
Stolonica
Species:
australis

General Description

Colony of zooids that are joined only at the base. Colour varies, including orange, pink and red, siphons with red and white stripes. Zooids up to 2 cm long.

Biology

The body of this cylindrical ascidian is often covered by encrusting sand grains or other reef particles.

Habitat

Reef and rubble areas as well as jetty piles, to depths greater than 25 m.

Reefs

Seagrass meadows

Sponge gardens

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Ascidians

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

2 cm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Patullo, B.

Blair Patullo is Online Producer for marine projects at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Patullo, B., 2011, Ascidian, Stolonica australis, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 23 Jul 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/6554

Text: creative commons cc by licence