PORT PHILLIP BAY


Sea Urchin 

Echinocyamus platytatus Clark, 1914

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Echinodermata
Class:
Echinoidea
Order:
Clypeasteroida
Family:
Fibulariidae
Genus:
Echinocyamus
Species:
platytatus

General Description

This species has sandy coloured spines and petals that are open ended and simple. There are four gonopores, comparatively close to one another. Test diameter up to 8 mm

Biology

This tiny sand dollar can be locally common. It is usually not found alive because of its small size and sandy coloured spines that blend in with the surrounding habitat.

Habitat

Sand in shallow waters, sometimes washed ashore, to depth of 49 m.

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Sea urchins

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

8 mm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Harmful

Spines can puncture skin. Venom status unknown.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

MoV 1687

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Miskelly, A.

Ashley Miskelly is a Consultant with expertise in echinoid taxonomy

citation

Cite this page as:
Miskelly, A., 2011, Sea Urchin, Echinocyamus platytatus, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 16 Dec 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/6592

Text: creative commons cc by licence