PORT PHILLIP BAY


Ragworm 

Ceratonereis perkinsi Hartmann-Schröder, 1985

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Family level description.
Nereididae are polychaetes with many uniform segments, without strongly differentiated body regions. The prostomium (head) has one pair of antennae, one pair of articulated palps, and two pairs of eyes. Four pairs of unjointed cirri emerge from the next segment behind the prostomium. Mouthparts comprise an eversible pharynx with one pair of terminal jaws, although these are usually only visible by dissection.

Species level technical description.
Prostomium with anterior margin indented. Maxillary ring of pharynx with conical paragnaths: Area I: 12-14; III: 11-20 paragnaths; IV: 15-18. Oral ring paragnaths absent. Dorsal notopodial ligule not markedly elongate on posterior chaetigers. Not markedly broader on posterior chaetigers. Dorsal notopodial ligule markedly reduced on posterior chaetigers. Prechaetal notopodial lobe absent. Dorsal cirrus not terminally attached to dorsal notopodial ligule on posterior chaetigers. Dorsal cirrus length about 5-6 times ventral notopodial ligule at chaetiger 10-20. Neuropodial postchaetal lobe present, at least on some anterior chaetigers. Ventral neuropodial ligule on posterior chaetigers similar to length of acicular neuropodial ligule (but narrower on posterior chaetigers). Ventral cirri single. Notopodial homogomph spinigers absent; sesquigomph spinigers present. Notopodial homogomph falcigers absent. Neuropodial dorsal fascicle fused falcigers absent.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Annelida
Class:
Polychaeta
Order:
Phyllodocida
Family:
Nereididae
Genus:
Ceratonereis
Species:
perkinsi

General Description

In members of this genus the prostomium (head) is strongly indented between the antennae. The eversible pharynx has paragnaths, but only on the maxillary ring (closest to the jaws). This species can be distinguished from related species with care; the 3 species of Ceratonereis in southern Australia are not easy to tell apart. There are various differences in structure of the parapodia (feet) but the easiest to observe is the dorsal cirrus which in Ceratonereis australis is about 2 times as long as the parapodium; in Ceratonereis perkinsi it is 5-6 times as long as the parapodium; in Ceratonereis singularis the dorsal cirrus is about the same length as the parapodium. Body up to about 4 cm long.

Habitat

Coastal bays and the continental shelf.

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

South-eastern Australia, south-western Australia, and north-western Australia.

Species Group

Worms Ragworms

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

4 cm

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Species Code

MoV 2581

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Wilson, R.

Robin Wilson is a Senior Curator of marine invertebrates at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Wilson, R., 2011, Ragworm, Ceratonereis perkinsi, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 27 Apr 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/7432

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