PORT PHILLIP BAY


Sea Urchin 

Phyllacanthus parvispinus Tenison-Woods, 1880

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Echinodermata
Class:
Echinoidea
Order:
Cidaroida
Family:
Cidaridae
Genus:
Phyllacanthus
Species:
parvispinus

General Description

The dark brown, blunt-ended spines have a granular appearance and older, larger specimens may become encrusted with marine life. The test is usually pale cream or greenish in colour and the very large tubercles, of which there are comparatively few, are perforate. Test diameter up to 8 cm.

Biology

This is a common, very robust, slow moving species. A similar species Phyllacanthus irregularis grows much larger and is found in South and Western Australia.

Habitat

Subtidal areas or at very low spring tides wedged between rocks, to depth of 91 m.

Reefs

Coastal shores

Distribution guide

Eastern Australia.

Species Group

Sea urchins

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

8 cm

Diet

Omnivore

Harmful

Spines can puncture skin. Venom status unknown.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Species Code

MoV 4000

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Miskelly, A.

Ashley Miskelly is a Consultant with expertise in echinoid taxonomy

citation

Cite this page as:
Miskelly, A., 2011, Sea Urchin, Phyllacanthus parvispinus, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 21 Jul 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/7731

Text: creative commons cc by licence