PORT PHILLIP BAY


Sea Urchin 

Heliocidaris erythrogramma (Valenciennes, 1846)

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Echinodermata
Class:
Echinoidea
Order:
Echinoida
Family:
Echinometridae
Genus:
Heliocidaris
Species:
erythrogramma

General Description

The spines of Victorian specimens may be pale green, mauve or brownish. The colour of the test may be mauve, whitish or greenish. Test diameter up to 9 cm.

Biology

This is easily the most common species of sea urchin in temperate waters.

Habitat

In crevices on rocky shores, to depth of about 3 m.

Reefs

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Sea urchins

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

9 cm

Diet

Herbivore

Harmful

Spines can puncture skin. Venom status unknown.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

MoV 3098

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Miskelly, A.

Ashley Miskelly is a Consultant with expertise in echinoid taxonomy

citation

Cite this page as:
Miskelly, A., 2011, Sea Urchin, Heliocidaris erythrogramma, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 18 Oct 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/7779

Text: creative commons cc by licence