Body large robust, dorsal fin single, long-based; tail large almost square; lips thick, fleshy lips; teeth large, peg-like; scales large, heavy, and form scaly sheaths at the dorsal and anal fin bases. Adult males are greyish to blue, adult females are typically greyish-green to reddish in colour, and juveniles are greenish with scattered pale spots. To 1.8 m long, and a weight of up to 40kg.
These large inquisitive wrasses are benthic carnivores, feeding on small crabs and other crustaceans, echinoderms (sea urchins) and molluscs, including abalone. Like most wrasses, blue groper change sex from females to males during their life (protogynous hermaphrodites), and also change colour along the way.
Exposed rocky reefs along the coast, to depths of 100 m, most in 0-40 m; juveniles shelter amongst seagrasses and macro-algae in bays and estuaries.
Southern Australia, including western and central Victoria.
Native to Australia
- DSE Advisory List : Not listed
- EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
- IUCN Red List : Vulnerable