PORT PHILLIP BAY


Commercial Scallop 

Pecten fumatus Reeve, 1852

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

This large and diverse family is represented in southern Australia by many species. Some species show great variation in shell colour. In species with very discrepant valves it is the right valve which is the more concave.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Mollusca
Subphylum:
Conchifera
Class:
Bivalvia
Subclass:
Pteriomorphia
Order:
Ostreoida
Suborder:
Pectinina
Superfamily:
Pectinoidea
Family:
Pectinidae
Genus:
Pecten
Subgenus:
Pecten
Species:
fumatus

General Description

Shells of this species are characterised by a flat left valve, and a strongly convex right valve, each with 12-16 strong radial ribs. The external shell colour is extremely variable among specimens, ranging from light brown to pink and orange. Shell up to 13 cm across.

Biology

This scallop species is the one most commonly found in Victorian fish markets. They were commercially harvested throughout their natural range which resulted in a decline in population numbers, but dredging of this species is now very restricted. They are hermaphrodites, maturing at one year and typically spawning in the second year. They can live for up to 10 years if they successfully avoid predators such as sea stars and octopuses. As with other scallop species, they are capable of swimming by rapidly closing the valves of the shell which expels a jet of water and propels the animal along.

Habitat

Patches of bare soft sand and mud, in discrete beds, to depth of 120 m.

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Most states of Australia.

Species Group

Sea snails and shells Bivalves

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

13 cm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Commercial Species

Yes

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

MoV 2705

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Boyd, S.

Sue Boyd is an Honorary Associate in marine invertebrates at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Boyd, S., 2011, Commercial Scallop, Pecten fumatus, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 29 May 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/7846

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