PORT PHILLIP BAY


Draughtboard Shark 

Cephaloscyllium laticeps (Duméril, 1853)

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Meristics.
Vertebrae: 110-116 (precaudal 76-81)
Jaw teeth (upper): 38:38
Jaw teeth (lower): 27:27

Additional information in:
Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) (2008) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Family level detail.
Small, slender, slow-moving sharks with 5 gill slits, the last two above the pectoral-fin base, dorsal-fin relatively far back on body, over or behind pelvic-fin base, anal fin moderately large, tail with a sub-terminal notch, very absent of very small; eyes elongate, cat-like with nictitating eyelids, mouth moderately large, reaching beyond front of eye, teeth small, numerous, with several cusps.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Craniata
Superclass:
Gnathostomata
Class:
Chondrichthyes
Subclass:
Elasmobranchii
Order:
Carcharhiniformes
Family:
Scyliorhinidae
Genus:
Cephaloscyllium
Species:
laticeps

General Description

A robust catshark with a broadly rounded snout; skin rough with widely-spaced denticles; labial furrows absent. Brownish to greyish a darker blotched or mottled pattern and a broad dark saddle on the back between the eye and the pectoral in base; belly with a dark median stripe. Length to 1.5 m, most below 1 m.

Biology

When caught, this slow-moving species "puffs" up its body by inflating its stomach with air or water. Females lay yellowish egg cases with distinct transverse ridges and long spirally tendrils that attach to seaweed or sessile invertebrates in the bottom. The young sharks hatch after about 12 months.

Habitat

On sandy bottoms and rocky reefs in bays, harbours and along the coast, to depths of about 60 m.

Reefs

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Sharks and rays Sharks

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

1.5 m

Diet

Carnivore

Harmful

Although considered harmless to humans, has the potential to bite.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Least Concern

Author

article author Bray, D.J.

Di Bray is a Senior Collection Manager of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Gomon, M.F.

Dr. Martin Gomon is a Senior Curator of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Gomon, M.F., 2011, Draughtboard Shark, Cephaloscyllium laticeps, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 23 Sep 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/7985

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