PORT PHILLIP BAY


Spotted Stingaree 

Urolophus gigas Scott, 1854

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Additional information in:
Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) (2008) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Order level detail.
Highly specialised ray-like fishes with the body and pectoral fins united into a flattened disc with a long slender tail, usually armed with venomous spines used for defence.

Family level detail.
Small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling fishes with a circular, oval or rhomboidal disc, and a tail with one or more venomous spines, a well-developed caudal fin and sometimes a small dorsal fin. Females give birth to live young.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Craniata
Superclass:
Gnathostomata
Class:
Chondrichthyes
Subclass:
Elasmobranchii
Superorder:
Batoidea
Order:
Myliobatiformes
Family:
Urolophidae
Genus:
Urolophus
Species:
gigas

General Description

A large stingaree with a smooth, oval to rounded disc, with a rounded fleshy snout; tail long, with a small dorsal fin just before the spine and a short, deep caudal fin. Disc dark brownish centrally, becoming paler toward the margin, with a relatively symmetrical pattern of pale indistinct spots in patches; spots smaller near disc margin; dorsal and caudal fins dark with pale margins. To 80 cm.

Biology

These stingarees feed mainly on crustaceans. Females give birth to live young. The serrated spine is venomous and can inflict a very painful wound.

Habitat

Soft bottoms along the coast and in bays and estuaries, often near seagrass and algal beds, in depths to 50 m.

Reefs

Seagrass meadows

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Sharks and rays Stingrays, stingarees and allies

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

80 cm

Diet

Carnivore

Harmful

Venomous barb on the tail can cause a painful injury.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Least Concern

Author

article author Bray, D.J.

Di Bray is a Senior Collection Manager of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Gomon, M.F.

Dr. Martin Gomon is a Senior Curator of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Gomon, M.F., 2011, Spotted Stingaree, Urolophus gigas, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 16 Dec 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/8021

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