PORT PHILLIP BAY


Sparsely-spotted Stingaree 

Urolophus paucimaculatus Dixon, 1969

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Additional information in:
Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) (2008) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Order level detail.
Highly specialised ray-like fishes with the body and pectoral fins united into a flattened disc with a long slender tail, usually armed with venomous spines used for defence.

Family level detail.
Small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling fishes with a circular, oval or rhomboidal disc, and a tail with one or more venomous spines, a well-developed caudal fin and sometimes a small dorsal fin. Females give birth to live young.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Craniata
Superclass:
Gnathostomata
Class:
Chondrichthyes
Subclass:
Elasmobranchii
Superorder:
Batoidea
Order:
Myliobatiformes
Family:
Urolophidae
Genus:
Urolophus
Species:
paucimaculatus

General Description

Disc smooth, somewhat rhomboidal in shape with a broadly triangular fleshy snout; tail long, flattened near base, with prominent skin folds along the sides, a deepish caudal fin and a long slender spine; dorsal fin absent. Pale grey above with a variable number of small, distinctive pale, regularly-arranged spots, each with a darker border. Underside pale. To 57 cm.

Biology

These stingarees feed mainly on crustaceans and polychaete worms. Females give birth to up to 6 pups. They are taken in commercial trawls, although seldom marketed. The serrated spine is venomous and can inflict a very painful wound.

Habitat

Sandy bottoms in bays, harbours and along the coast, to a depth of 150 m.

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Sharks and rays Stingrays, stingarees and allies

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

57 cm

Diet

Carnivore

Harmful

Venomous barb on the tail can cause a painful injury.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Least Concern

Author

article author Bray, D.J.

Di Bray is a Senior Collection Manager of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Gomon, M.F.

Dr. Martin Gomon is a Senior Curator of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Gomon, M.F., 2011, Sparsely-spotted Stingaree, Urolophus paucimaculatus, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 21 Sep 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/8022

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