Threadfin Sandgoby 

Nesogobius sp nov 2 (macrophthalmus) of Hoese & Larson

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Dorsal fin spines/rays: VI; I, 8-9
Anal fin spines/rays: I, 8-9
Caudal fin rays: (segmented) 13 (9 branched)
Pectoral fin rays: 17-19
Ventral fin spines/rays: I, 5
Lateral line: -
Gill rakers: 0-2 + 6-8 = 7-9

Interpreting fin count meristics.
Spines are in Roman numerals and soft rays are in Arabic numerals. Spines and rays that are continuous in one fin are separated by a comma. Fin sections are separated by semicolons.

Detailed descriptions of fin count and other meristics are in:
Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) (2008) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Genus level detail.
A genus of small well-camouflaged sand-dwelling gobies with many species in Port Phillip Bay, some of which are difficult to identify. They are distinguished on the basis of the number and kind of fin elements, the position and number of scales, head pore patterns, and other features such as colour pattern. And, males and females of the same species are sometimes very different in colour and fin shape.

Order level detail.
A large and highly diverse group of modern bony fishes many of which have a generalized perch like body form. Most have pelvic fins with one spine and 5 rays and the maxillary bone is excluded from the gape of the mouth. Interrelationships of the group are poorly understood and continue to be studied. They inhabit almost all aquatic habitats from high-altitude strams to the deep sea, although most are marine.

Family level detail.
Very large family representing almost 10% percent of all fish species. More than 230 genera and 1500 species are recognised worldwide, and there are more than 90 genera and 330 described species known from Australian waters.



General Description

Body slender, head broader than deep, eyes almost touching; head pores absent; gill openings broad, a shallow vertical groove on gill cover; scales absent from head; two dorsal fins. Translucent, with scattered brown, orange spots and white, pale below; an orange band from below middle of eye to middle of jaws; an orange band across gill cover; midsides with three or four widely spaced small orange spots, with a broken silver or white stripe below; dorsal fins with two or three yellow or orange stripes. Differs from other species of Nesogobius in having a vertical groove on the gill cover. To 5 cm.


This goby is most often found off exposed sandy beaches.


On sand in bays and along the coast, in depths of 2-15 m.

Soft substrates

Distribution guide

Southern Australia.

Species Group

Fishes Gobies


Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor

Max Size

6 cm

Commercial Species


Global Dispersal

Native to Australia

Species Code

sp nov 2 (macrophthalmus) of Hoese & Larson


Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed


article author Bray, D.J.

Di Bray is a Senior Collection Manager of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.


article author Gomon, M.F.

Dr. Martin Gomon is a Senior Curator of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.


Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Gomon, M.F., 2011, Threadfin Sandgoby, Nesogobius , in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 12 Jul 2020,

Text: creative commons cc by licence