Head with prominent spines, including a large spine below eye that erects forwards; dorsal fin long-based, spinous and soft-rayed portions separated by a notch; lateral line scales present, body otherwise naked. Body and fins overall pale to light brown with a mottled or marbled pattern of irregular darker blotches and spots; underside pale. To 23 cm, although most smaller.
These ambush predators are common in seagrass beds, and feed on crustaceans and small fishes. They are armed with venomous spines and are responsible for many painful stings received by people wading in the shallows, especially through seagrass beds.
Sheltered sandy or muddy areas of bays, harbours and estuaries, in dpeths of 0-35 m.
Venomous spines can inflict mild to severe pain.
Native to Australia
- DSE Advisory List : Not listed
- EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
- IUCN Red List : Not listed