PORT PHILLIP BAY


Peruvian Jack Mackerel 

Trachurus murphyi Nichols, 1920

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Meristics.
Dorsal fin spines/rays: VIII; I, 31-35
Anal fin spines/rays: II; I, 27-30
Caudal fin rays: 17
Pectoral fin rays: 21-23
Ventral fin spines/rays: I, 5
Lateral line: 93-106
Gill rakers: 16-18 + 41-46

Interpreting fin count meristics.
Spines are in Roman numerals and soft rays are in Arabic numerals. Spines and rays that are continuous in one fin are separated by a comma. Fin sections are separated by semicolons.

Detailed descriptions of fin count and other meristics are in:
Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) (2008) Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Order level detail.
A Large and highly diverse group of modern bony fishes many of which have a generalized perch like body form. Most have pelvic fins with one spine and 5 rays and the maxillary bone is excluded from the gape of the mouth. Interrelationships of the group are poorly understood and continue to be studied. They inhabit almost all aquatic habitats from high-altitude strams to the deep sea, although most are marine.

Family level detail.
Streamlined, active-swimming fishes, with fine smooth scales, a relatively short-based spinous first dorsal fin, a long-based soft-rayed second dorsal fin, a narrow tail base and a deeply forked tail; usually a detached pair of short spines before the anal fin. While adults usually inhabit coastal or near shore waters, juveniles are often far from land around floating debris or large planktonic invertebrates such as jellyfish. Many are highly valued gamefish and some are commercially important.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Craniata
Superclass:
Gnathostomata
Class:
Actinopterygii
Order:
Perciformes
Family:
Carangidae
Genus:
Trachurus
Species:
murphyi

General Description

One of three species of the genus Trachurus found along the southern coast. The three are difficult to distinguish. All have strong scutes in the straight part of the lateral line, and some scutes in the curved part, long falcate pectoral fins, an additional lateral line just below the dorsal fin base to the beginning of the second dorsal fin; anterior raised part of the lateral line parallel to the body margin, accessory lateral line below base of dorsal fin terminating below 1st-5th (usually 1st-2nd) segmented rays. Black, grey or blue-green above, blending paler below the midline, with grey fins; a black spot dorsally on hind margin of gill cover. To 70 cm.

Biology

These planktivores form large schools of individuals.

Habitat

From surface waters to depth of 200 m.

Open water

Distribution guide

Eastern Pacific to New Zealand. Southern Australia.

Species Group

Fishes Trevallies and allies

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

On or near sea floor Midwater

Max Size

70 cm

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Bray, D.J.

Di Bray is a Senior Collection Manager of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Gomon, M.F.

Dr. Martin Gomon is a Senior Curator of ichthyology at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Gomon, M.F., 2011, Peruvian Jack Mackerel, Trachurus murphyi, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 25 Jul 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/10551

Text: creative commons cc by licence