PORT PHILLIP BAY


Salp 

Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775)

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

May exist as an individual (solitary form) or in a colony (aggregate form). Solitary form is barrel-shaped with a wide opening at one end, and a narrower opening at the other. Four muscle bands run across the upper surface, forming two X-shapes. The aggregate form is similar except the body has a rounded point at one end flanked by two smaller protuberences.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Tunicata
Class:
Thaliacea
Order:
Salpida
Family:
Salpidae
Subfamily:
Salpinae
Genus:
Pegea
Species:
confoederata

General Description

May exist as an individual (solitary form) or in a colony of multiple individuals (aggregate form). Solitary form is barrel-shaped with a wide opening at one end, and a narrower opening at the other. Four muscle bands extend across the upper surface, forming two "X" shapes. Colonial forms are similar except the body has a rounded point at one end. Up to 8 cm long.

Biology

Salps feed by filtering water through their body and catching their food (tiny plankton) on a mucous net.

Habitat

Open water, near surface to depth of 100 m.

Open water

Distribution guide

Worldwide.

Species Group

Jellyfishes and allies Salps

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

Surface Midwater

Max Size

8 cm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Harmful

Not known to be dangerous to humans.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Browne, J.

Jo Browne is a consultant with expertise in ctenophore and cnidarian taxonomy.

citation

Cite this page as:
Browne, J., 2011, Salp, Pegea confoederata, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 17 Aug 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5673

Text: creative commons cc by licence