PORT PHILLIP BAY


Salp 

Pyrosoma atlanticum Péron, 1804

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

A large, hollow cylinder closed at one end, which is formed by a colony of individual zooids. Each zooid is enclosed in a pointed test and zooids are lined up in parallel rows. Colony is opaque and colourless, pale yellow, pinkish or pinkish brown and quite firm to touch. Colony up to 60cm long and 4-6 cm thick.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Tunicata
Class:
Thaliacea
Order:
Pyrosomatida
Family:
Pyrosomatidae
Subfamily:
Pyrosomatinae
Genus:
Pyrosoma
Species:
atlanticum

General Description

Usually seen as a colony of smaller individuals (zooids) that is very long and shaped like a hollow cylinder, closed at one end. Each zooid is enclosed in a pointed test and lined up in parallel rows in the colony. Colony is opaque and colourless, pale yellow, pinkish or pinkish brown. Colony walls about 2 cm thick. Colony up to 60 cm long.

Biology

Salps feed by filtering water through their body to catch a meal of tiny plankton.

Habitat

Open water, near surface to depth of 500 m.

Open water

Distribution guide

Worldwide.

Species Group

Jellyfishes and allies Salps

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

Surface Midwater

Max Size

60 cm

Diet

Plankton or Particles

Harmful

Not known to be dangerous to humans.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Browne, J.

Jo Browne is a consultant with expertise in ctenophore and cnidarian taxonomy.

citation

Cite this page as:
Browne, J., 2011, Salp, Pyrosoma atlanticum, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 18 Nov 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5675

Text: creative commons cc by licence