PORT PHILLIP BAY


Jellyfish 

Chrysaora

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Chrysaora species have numerous tentacles fringing the bell. The bell is covered with brown flecks, which are thickest in the middle. Spread around the edges of the bell are eight sense organs, each pair of which have six tentacles in between. The gastric system consists of 16 pouches connected to a central stomach.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Cnidaria
Class:
Scyphozoa
Order:
Semaeostomeae
Family:
Pelagiidae
Genus:
Chrysaora

General Description

This species has numerous tentacles around the body (bell). The bell is covered with brown flecks, which are thickest in the middle. Spread around the edges of the bell are 8 sense organs, each pair with 6 tentacles in between. Bell to 8 cm across.

Biology

Some species in this genus group are known to "spit-out" or reject prey (bivalve larvae) after they have captured it. They are known to eat other jellyfish such as comb jellies (ctenophores).

Habitat

Open water, to depth of 20 m.

Open water

Distribution guide

Worldwide. In Asutralia, in South Australia and Victoria.

Species Group

Jellyfishes and allies Jellyfishes

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)

Water Column

Surface Midwater

Max Size

8 cm

Diet

Carnivore

Harmful

Moderately to severe sting possible.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Browne, J.

Jo Browne is a consultant with expertise in ctenophore and cnidarian taxonomy.

citation

Cite this page as:
Browne, J., 2011, Jellyfish, Chrysaora , in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 23 Oct 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5677

Text: creative commons cc by licence