PORT PHILLIP BAY


Comb Jelly 

Beroe cucumis Fabricius, 1780

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

Body sack shaped with a wide mouth at one end and no tentacles. Eight rows of cilia extend from the base to about three-quarters of the way to the mouth. Branched gastrovascular system. Mature animals are pink. At the base there is a row of papillae in the shape of a figure 8. Up to 15 cm.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Ctenophora
Class:
Nuda
Order:
Beroida
Family:
Beroidae
Genus:
Beroe
Species:
cucumis

General Description

Body sack shape with a wide mouth at one end. No tentacles. Eight rows of hair-like cilia extend from the base to about three-quarters of the way to the mouth. Mature animals are pink. Body up to 15 cm long.

Biology

The rows of hair-like cilia create a rainbow effect as they beat, propelling the animal through the water. These species feed on other jellyfish and are able to engulf equal sized prey whole, or tear pieces off larger prey.

Habitat

Open water, near surface to depths over 3800 m.

Open water

Distribution guide

Worldwide.

Species Group

Jellyfishes and allies Comb jellies

Depth

Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

Surface Midwater

Max Size

15 cm

Diet

Carnivore

Harmful

Not known to be dangerous to humans.

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Identify

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Not listed

Author

article author Browne, J.

Jo Browne is a consultant with expertise in ctenophore and cnidarian taxonomy.

citation

Cite this page as:
Browne, J., 2011, Comb Jelly, Beroe cucumis, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 23 Oct 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5679

Text: creative commons cc by licence