PORT PHILLIP BAY


Southern Bottlenose Whale 

Hyperoodon planifrons

View scientific description and taxonomy

Scientific Details

See below for information.

Taxonomy

Phylum:
Chordata
Subphylum:
Vertebrata
Class:
Mammalia
Order:
Cetacea
Family:
Ziphiidae
Genus:
Hyperoodon
Species:
planifrons

General Description

Brownish-grey upperparts and lighter grey underparts. Individuals become lighter with age. Short beak and inflated forehead ("melon"). Females and juveniles have a forehead that smoothly joins the beak, while older males have a protruding forehead. Up to 8 m long.

Biology

Southern Bottlenose Whales typically live in waters that are more than 1000 m in depth, where they live in small groups of up to 12 individuals. Young are born during spring and summer.

Humans interactions include:
Vulnerable to loud human-generated sounds and driftnet fishing.

Habitat

Waters beyond the continental shelf and over submarine canyons, to depths greater than 1000 m.

Open water

Distribution guide

Most Southern Hemisphere waters, including southern Australia. Potentially near Port Phillip, recorded from Victoria.

Species Group

Mammals Whales and dolphins

Depth

Shore (0-1 m)
Shallow (1-30 m)
Deep ( > 30 m)

Water Column

Surface Midwater

Max Size

8 m

Diet

Carnivore

Commercial Species

No

Global Dispersal

Recorded in Australia

Conservation Status

  • DSE Advisory List : Not listed
  • EPBC Act 1999 : Not listed
  • IUCN Red List : Least Concern
  • CITES : Trade restrictions (Appendix II)

Author

article author Fitzgerald, E.

Dr. Erich Fitzgerald is a Senior Curator of palaeontology at Museum Victoria.

Author

article author Jefferies, R.

Dr. Ryan Jefferies is a volunteer online editor at Museum Victoria.

citation

Cite this page as:
Fitzgerald, E. & Jefferies, R., 2011, Southern Bottlenose Whale, Hyperoodon planifrons, in Taxonomic Toolkit for marine life of Port Phillip Bay, Museum Victoria, accessed 23 Oct 2017, http://portphillipmarinelife.net.au:8098/species/5718

Text: creative commons cc by licence